What causes spontaneous bleeding? To understand this it is important to know where one can expect them to form. This includes spontaneous bruising in legs, arms and hands as well as face and eyelid bleeding spontaneous. The cause on each part of the body could be caused by something different.
What Causes Spontaneous Bruising
A bruise is a traumatic injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and leakage of red blood cells. [Source: medicinenet.com] In medical terms, it is referred to as a contusion. They occur when the blood vessels found on the skin suffer a certain degree of injury but which is not strong enough to break the skin and cause bleeding.
Bruising is normally seen as a reddish or purple discoloration which does not get pale when it is pressed on. With time, a bruise could fade and become brown or green as the blood cells are metabolized by the body. In some instances, a bruise could be associated with some tenderness and swelling.
Normally, a healthy adult should not get spontaneous bruising. When this happens, it is mostly attributed to hereditary conditions and some acquired disorders. Spontaneous bruising may occur as a result of insignificant compression subjected to the skin. In some cases, there may be no form of skin injury recollected. This being the case, what causes spontaneous bruising?
It is possible for this to happen where blood vessels have been weakened by medication, disease and aging. Another cause would be a deficiency in blood clotting elements. When there is leakage of blood to the skin that is spontaneous and occurs without injury, the condition is known as ecchymosis. It is normally associated with tenderness.
Defective platelet function is the major cause of unexplained bruising without injury and could be attributed to:
Hereditary or genetic: in some cases, the condition is passed on through the genes.
Acquireddefect : When some drugs such as aspirin, antibiotics and cardiovascular drugs are used too much, they could induce platelet dysfunction.
Vascular or Peri-vascular tissues disorder: These disorders can as well be inherited or acquired.Clotting disorders such as deficiency of certain factors could occur. Low vitamin C could as well play a role in it.
Spontaneous Bruising on Legs
In most cases, we can attribute our bruising to something. For example, fractured ribs come with chest contusions. There however are situations in which we cannot explain our bruising. In such cases, this could cause alarm and people will start wondering what it is that is causing it. Where this happens, the location of the bruises is a clue enough to knowing what the cause could be.
Spontaneous bleeding could appear in the form of skin discoloration with the initial color changing as it heals. Healing may take between two to four weeks. Some of the causes of spontaneous bruising on legs are as follows:
Exposure to the sun: When the legs are exposed to UV radiation, the skin and blood vessels are damaged. This results in bruising especially for people who are old.
Side effects of medication: A number of drugs can have an effect on the ability of blood to clot. This leads to an impairment of the platelet blood cells whose main function lies in clotting of the blood. Such medicines as ibuprofen and aspirin have such effects. There also are some that may cause inflammation of blood vessels and tissues. These include corticosteroids and birth control pills.
Aging: Connective tissues just like any other tissues tend to weaken with age. As such,even insignificant trauma may cause spontaneous bruising.
Nutritional deficiency: Deficiency of folic acid, vitamins C, K and B12 could cause a dysfunction of various processes which leads to easy bruising.
A reduction of body fat: Body fat acts as a natural cushioning. As a result, people who are very thin of lose weight in a short duration are likely to get bruises easily.
Diabetes: Long term diabetes could result in vascular disease which in turn leads to easy bruises. These could occur mostly on the neck and inner folds.
Other medical conditions: These include blood diseases such as hemophilia and leukemia which could cause the poor functioning of blood cells resulting to excessive bruising. Graves’ disease is a thyroid condition that
Spontaneous Bruising Arm and Hands and Fingers
There are some people who will tend to get spontaneous bruising arm, hands and fingers. For some, there is no solid reason as to why they have the bruises. Although one may dismiss this as insignificant, it could be an indicator of serious underlying problems. This makes it quite important to find out what the reason behind this may be.
There are a number of reasons as to why one could get spontaneous bruising on the arms, hands and legs. Some of these are common reasons which include skin sensitivity. In such a situation, slight pressure on skin ruptures blood vessels leading to bruises. Heavy exercises could be another reason. These put too much pressure on the body.
To avoid this one should have an exercise schedule that is well balanced. It is possible to also get contusions as a result of damaged blood vessels. These may occur during times such as when turning in bed or when engaging in other activities.
Face and Eyelid Bruising Spontaneous
Some people suffer spontaneous bruising of the face and the eyelids. These are situations that need a medical evaluation immediately as some causes of this may result in visual problems. The bruising could be caused by bleeding in the layers of the skin.
There are a number of reasons why this could happen. The most common one would be injury on the face which may go on to affect the eyelid and surrounding areas. Drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin tend to alter the bleeding and clotting cycle. Corticosteroids tend to weaken the blood vessels when taken too much. It is also possible for the bruises to be as a result of age. With time, people may get the vessels fragile. Also inflammation and allergic reactions can lead to this.
The best way in dealing with spontaneous bleeding is for one to seek medical attention. This will determine the cause and ensure the right treatment is done as well as preventive measures.